An era or period of art is a certain time period in which certain types of art, artists or art movements were developed. Each era has its own characteristics, such as attention to detail, nature of brush strokes, the material used, countries which it originated in etc. These eras show the step by step evolution of art up until today, so here they are.
This is the era of art originated in the early 1400’s in Italy. Renaissance art marks the transition from medieval Europe to modern age where people started paying attention to humanity rather than religion. In the medieval era, people were god-fearing, which lead to religious paintings and sculptures only, i.e. paintings of god, angels, heaven etc. However, in the modern age, artists turned to human paintings where they began painting women, royalty, merchants etc. Studying human anatomy and expressing it in paintings and statues is widely seen. The famous artists such as Da Vinci, Michael Angelo, and Raphael etc. were renaissance artists.
This means ‘new-classical’ era. This originated in Rome, however was most popular in France and around all around Europe because of the ‘Grand Tour’; where art students came back to their hometowns after touring in Italy. Neoclassical artwork is based on simplicity and symmetry.
Coming into popularity during the end of the 18th century, Romanticism saw its dawn with the French revolution. This revolution freed people after a long dictatorship and this influenced romantic paintings to have characteristics of a return to nature, spontaneous landscape painting, belief in goodness of humanity, the promotion of justice for all etc. Romantic painters tended to express emotions in their paintings, in contrast to the neoclassical era. Among the greatest romantic painters were Henry Fuseli, Caspar David Friedrich, and John Constable etc.
- Modern art
Modern art came into play from 1860 to 1970 where painters went on trying new and various types of art styles. With the rapid development in technology and also the new inventions such as the motor car, camera, airplane etc. it was important to come up with a new form of art to incorporate them into paintings. During the modern era, various sub-types were introduced such as impressionism, cubism, fauvism etc. Use of bright colours to express emotions is a common characteristic in this era. Vincent Van Gogh, Cezanne, Paul Gauguin are some of the greatest modern painters.
- Contemporary art
This era is from 1946 to present. This is known as the art form of our lifetime, which is much more socially conscious than any other era. The most popular themes taken up by painters are feminism, globalization, multiculturism etc. all of which are present day concepts.